Chidambaram

26 Jul

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Chidambaram

Chidambaram is an industrial city in eastern part of Tamil Nadu and the taluk (tehsil) headquarters of the Cuddalore district. It is located in 58 km from Pondicherry, 60 km from Karaikal, and 240 km south of Chennai by rail. It has an average elevation of 3 metres (9 ft). The city is home toAnnamalai University, Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram Templeport Parangipettai, and many industries. The city is a major pilgrimage site forShaivites and Vaishnavites.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census, Chidambaram had a population of 82,458. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Chidambaram has an average literacy rate of 80%, significantly higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 84% and female literacy of 76%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Chidambaram Temple

The ancient Chidambaram Temple (Tamil: சிதம்பரம் கோயில்) is dedicated to Lord Shiva in his form of the cosmic Dancer (Nataraja நடராசர்).[3] It is one of the five dancing halls (Sabha) of Nataraja and the most famous one. Chidambaram is the Kanaka Sabha (Golden Hall). It is also one of the Panchabhoota Sthalams – representing five basic elements. This is the Akasa Sthalam representing ‘Space’ among thePancha Bootha Sthalams. For Saivites all over the world this is the most important Siva Temple. The stand alone word “Kovil” would automatically mean Chidambaram Temple to Saivites. The others are –Tiruvannamalai (Thejo sthalam – Fire) Kanchipuram (Prithvi sthalam – Earth) Srikalahasti (Vayu sthalam – Air) Tiruvanaikaval (Trichy) (Appu sthalam – Water).

The temples at KalahastiKanchipuram and Chidambaram all stand on a straight line at 79′ 45″ east longitude – truly an engineering, astological and geographical wonder. The Chidambaram temple houses the Akasha Lingam of Shiva and is considered one of the greatest Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu. The Govindaraja shrine adjacent to the Nataraja Shrine was constructed in 1639 C.E. by a Cholas. Nataraja in Chidambaram Temple has been sung by many Tamil saints including the Tevaram Trio – Sambanthar, Tirunavukkarasar, Sundaramurti Swamigal. Manikkavacakar attained Mukti in Chidambaram by becoming one with Nataraja. The other Saiva saint of importance who attained mukti here is Nandanar. Nandanar, born in a cast of untouchables became exalted by his bhakti, that even the most conservative Brahmins of Chidambaram worshipped him. Chidambaram hosts the most ancient set of the 108Karana stone carvings, the key dance movements of Nataraja. The temple complex is spread over 40 acres (160,000 m2) in the heart of the city. Many thousands of devotees come to this auspicious temple to pay homage to the dancing Siva.

The temple houses the Shiva and Vishnu in the same complex,where a devotee can have darshan of Lord Shiva and Lord Govindaraja(Lord Vishnu) from a single place. The Govindaraja temple is also among the 108 dhivya desams of Vaishnavites.

The famous Natyanjali festival is held in the Nataraja temple complex every year during Maha Shivaratri. Bharatanatyam dancers from different parts of the world offer their prayers to Lord Nataraja and perform in the temple complex.

Culture

Traditional crafts

In Chidambaram, one can find a number of families who have engaged in the gold and silver ornament-making business for a very long time. The art is taught by one generation to the next. Most of the artifacts are hand created and are hence rich in quality and artistry.

Saint

Sri Raghavendra Swami was born as Sri Venkanna Bhatta, the second son of Sri Thimanna Bhatta and Smt. Gopikamba on Thursday, Sukla Saptami of Phalguna month in 1595, when the moon was in Mrigashirisha Nakshatra, at Bhuvanagiri, near present-day Chidambaram in Tamil Nadu.

Arutprakasa Vallalar Chidambaram Ramalingam: Ramalinga Adigal was the youngest child of Ramiah Pillai and his sixth wife Chinnamaiar, who lived in Marudur in South Arcot district, a village 15 km north-west of Chidambaram.

Education

Chidambaram is home to the Annamalai University. Annamalai University is a public university located in Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India.

Schools in Chidambaram:

  • Edison G Agoram Memorial School(CBSE)Manalur
  • Athena Global CBSE School is the new age school at Thunisiramedu village near Chidambaram. Inaugurated on 29-June-2012.
  • Kamaraj Matric. Special School
  • G V School
  • Home2 School (Play way)Located at Ponnambala Nagar
  • Kamaraj Matric Hr Sec School
  • Musthafa Matric Hr Sec School
  • Sherwood English School
  • Government Nandanar Boys and Girls Higher secondary school. It is one of oldest education school, built by Swami Sahajananda Avargal.
  • Rani Seethai Achi Hr.Sec School in Annamalainagar
  • Ramasamy Chettiar Town High School is a famous school opened in year 1913.
  • Sri Ramakrishna Vidyasala Higher secondary School is a famous school opened in year 1950
  • The Pachaiyappa Higher Secondary school is maintained by Pachaiyappa charities
  • Arumuga Navalar Higher secondary school
  • Venus Mat. Hr sec school
  • Nirmala Mat. Hr.sec school
  • Govt Girls Higher secondary school
  • Thillai Matriculation School

Other colleges:

  • Rajah Muthiah Medical College Chidambaram
  • Rajah Muthiah Dental College – Chidambaram.
  • Muthiah Polytechnic College – Chidambaram
  • Government Arts College – Chidambaram.
  • C.S. Jain College of Pharmacy – Chidambaram.
  • perunthalaivar kamaraj institute of maritime and science engineering college(pkimsec)-keerapalayam

Hospitals

Chidambaram has a government run public hospital and a tertiary referral hospital attached to Rajah Muthiah Medical college of Annamalai University. The college of nursing utilises the staff and the facilities available at Rajah Muthiah Medical College (recognised by the Medical Council of India for MBBS and post-graduate degree and diploma programmes in several specialities) and the Rajah Muthiah Medical college hospital. The Rajah Muthiah Medical college hospital is a 1,210 bedded modern hospital complex unit with advanced technical facilities. There are also many small private nursing homes and hospitals.

  • Sivajothi Clinic (North Main Road)
  • Gandhimathi Hospital (Bazaar Street)
  • K.R. Nursing Home (Murugan Street)
  • Municipal Maternity Home (Nellkudai Street)
  • Arul Nursing Home (South Car Street)
  • Raju Clinic (South Car Street)
  • Thillai Hospital (East Car Street)
  • Kannan Nursing Home (East Sannathi Street
  • Sridhar Nursing Home (East Car Street)
  • Jothi Nursing Home (East Car Street)
  • Santhi Nursing Home (East Car Street)
  • Kamal Nursing Home (Venugopal Street)
  • R.K. Nursing Home (Mariamman Koil Street)
  • Nataraja Children’s Hospital (S.P. Koil Street)
  • Venkateshwara Nursing Home (S.P. Koil Street)
  • Lister Hospital (Kanagasabai Nagar)
  • Govt. Kamaraj Hospital (S.P. Koil Street)
  • Anjuga Clinic (Pudhu Street)
  • Srinivasa Nursing Home (S.P. Koil Street)

Transport

By air

The airports at Tiruchirapalli (165 km) and Chennai (215 km) are the nearest airports from Chidambaram. From Tiruchirapalli, Indian Airlines flights can be taken to Chennai (Madras). Chennai is connected to all the major cities in India and abroad through regular flights.

By rail

Chidambaram is located on the Madras-Tiruchirapalli main line of the Southern Railway. It is connected with Tiruchirapalli, Madras, Madurai (335 km), Rameswaram (575 km), Bangalore (340 km), and Tirupati (290 km).

By road

There are frequent bus services available to various places in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Pondicherry states from Chidambaram. Non-stop bus services and express bus services are also available to major cities like Chennai.

The national highway NH-45A (the Villupuram-Pondicherry-Cuddalore-Chidambaram-Nagapattinam Highway) passes through Chidambaram.

Tourism

Chidambaram is one of the important tourist centres in Tamil Nadu and its tourism highlights the beautiful temples in the city. While Chidambaram is most famous for the Thillai Nataraja Temple, there are many other exquisite temples and attractions:

Temples in/around Chidambaram (Location):

  • Sirai meetta Vinayagar Temple (West Car Street)
  • Kothandaramar Temple (West Car Street)
  • Anandheeswaran Temple (Anandheeswaran Koil Street)
  • Thagam Theertha Pillayar Temple (Thagam Theertha Pillayar Koil Street)
  • Elamayakkinar Temple (Elamayakkinar Koil Street)
  • Nataraja Temple (East Car Street)
  • Anjaneyar Temple (East Car Street)
  • Selliamman Temple (Sunnambukkara Street)
  • Kamatchiamman Temple (Kamatchiamman Koil Street)
  • Keezhatheru Mariamman Temple (Mariamman Koil Street)
  • Mariamman Temple (Nethaji Street)
  • Thillaikaliamman Temple (Thillaikaliamman Koil Street)
  • Drowpathiamman Temple (Drowpathiamman Koil Street)

Other locations of interest:

Outside of Chidambaram:

Economy

Banks in Chidambaram

Bank Name

Location

HDFC Bank South Car Street
AXIS Bank East Car Street
Bank of India West Car Street
Canara Bank North Car Street
ICICI Bank South Car Street
Indian Bank South Car Street
Indian Overseas Bank West Car Street
Cuddalore Dist Central Co-Operative Bank West Car Street
City Union Bank LTD West Car Street
Central Bank Of India South Car Street
HDFC Bank South Car Street
Karur Vysya Bank South Car Street
Punjab National Bank Lalkhan Street
Urban Bank North Car Street
State Bank of India South Car Street
The Dhanalakshmi Bank LTD Jawahar Street
Vijaya Bank West Car Street
Syndicate Bank South Car Street

Shopping

Supermarkets:

  • AAsian Super Market
  • National Super Market
  • Calorie corner Super Market.
  • Hitech Car Accessories, North car street
  • velicham super market, near engineer college

Shopping complexes:

  • I.U.D.P Shopping complex
  • M.U.D.P Shopping complex
  • Saba complex west car str
  • Swathi complex S.P.Koil st
  • Shajakhan complex, Lalkan street.
  • Dheen Building complex, west car
  • A M H west car st
  • Star Complex South cars
  • Venkateswara shopping complex south car st
  • Saliyar Complex South car st
  • Hindu Nadar complex south car st
  • Mansoor Ali complex East Car St
  • Ameen Buildings South car st
  • Pari Complex East Sannadhi st

Markets: Daily Market West Car street, Chidambaram Gnanaprakasam market, Chidambaram Fish Market, Chidambaram Omakulam Fish market, Chidambaram

Parks

  • Gandhi Park Near Municipal Office
  • Min Nagar Park Min Nagar
  • Municipal Boating Place Park Sirkazhi Road
  • Govindasamy st Park V.O.C st
  • Vageesa Nagar Park Vageesa Nagar
  • Thillaikaliamman Koil st Park Thillaikaliamman Koil st
  • North Main road park North main road (cuddalore road)
  • Busstand Natarajar park Venugopal Street
  • hen park govinda

Politics

Chidambaram assembly constituency is part of Chidambaram (Lok Sabha constituency).

Real estate

Like many areas in Tamil Nadu, real estate in the Chidambaram city is booming. Plots in the center of the city sell for 3,000-4,000 rupees per square foot. In the nearby Kollidam-Sirkazhi area, prime land can be gotten for 6-8 lacs an acre.

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